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Bridging Ordinary-Label Learning and Complementary-Label Learning

,  - 2020

Unlike ordinary supervised pattern recognition, in a newly proposed framework namely complementary-label learning, each label specifies one class that the pattern does not belong to. In this paper, we propose the natural generalization of learning from an ordinary label and a complementary label, specifically focused on one-versus-all and pairwis...


Adaptive Parameterization for Neural Dialogue Generation

, , , , ,  - 2020

Neural conversation systems generate responses based on the sequence-to-sequence (SEQ2SEQ) paradigm. Typically, the model is equipped with a single set of learned parameters to generate responses for given input contexts. When confronting diverse conversations, its adaptability is rather limited and the model is hence prone to generate generic re...


Deep Graph Matching Consensus

, , , ,  - 2020

This work presents a two-stage neural architecture for learning and refining structural correspondences between graphs. First, we use localized node embeddings computed by a graph neural network to obtain an initial ranking of soft correspondences between nodes. Secondly, we employ synchronous message passing networks to iteratively re-rank the s...


Wasserstein Exponential Kernels

, ,  - 2020

In the context of kernel methods, the similarity between data points is encoded by the kernel function which is often defined thanks to the Euclidean distance, a common example being the squared exponential kernel. Recently, other distances relying on optimal transport theory - such as the Wasserstein distance between probability distributions - ...


Learning Diverse Features with Part-Level Resolution for Person Re-Identification

, , , ,  - 2020

Learning diverse features is key to the success of person re-identification. Various part-based methods have been extensively proposed for learning local representations, which, however, are still inferior to the best-performing methods for person re-identification. This paper proposes to construct a strong lightweight network architecture, terme...


A Nonparametric Off-Policy Policy Gradient

, , ,  - 2020

Reinforcement learning (RL) algorithms still suffer from high sample complexity despite outstanding recent successes. The need for intensive interactions with the environment is especially observed in many widely popular policy gradient algorithms that perform updates using on-policy samples. The price of such inefficiency becomes evident in real...


Deep Video Super-Resolution using HR Optical Flow Estimation

, , , , ,  - 2020

Video super-resolution (SR) aims at generating a sequence of high-resolution (HR) frames with plausible and temporally consistent details from their low-resolution (LR) counterparts. The key challenge for video SR lies in the effective exploitation of temporal dependency between consecutive frames. Existing deep learning based methods commonly es...


SQLFlow: A Bridge between SQL and Machine Learning

, , , , , , , , , , , , ,  - 2020

Industrial AI systems are mostly end-to-end machine learning (ML) workflows. A typical recommendation or business intelligence system includes many online micro-services and offline jobs. We describe SQLFlow for developing such workflows efficiently in SQL. SQL enables developers to write short programs focusing on the purpose (what) and ignoring...


A Deep Learning Approach for the Computation of Curvature in the Level-Set Method

,  - 2020

We propose a deep learning strategy to compute the mean curvature of an implicit level-set representation of an interface. Our approach is based on fitting neural networks to synthetic datasets of pairs of nodal $\phi$ values and curvatures obtained from circular interfaces immersed in different uniform resolutions. These neural networks are mult...


From Open Set to Closed Set: Supervised Spatial Divide-and-Conquer for Object Counting

, , , , ,  - 2020

Visual counting, a task that aims to estimate the number of objects from an image/video, is an open-set problem by nature, i.e., the number of population can vary in [0, inf) in theory. However, collected data and labeled instances are limited in reality, which means that only a small closed set is observed. Existing methods typically model this ...