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Personalized Activity Recognition with Deep Triplet Embeddings

,  - 2020

A significant challenge for a supervised learning approach to inertial human activity recognition is the heterogeneity of data between individual users, resulting in very poor performance of impersonal algorithms for some subjects. We present an approach to personalized activity recognition based on deep embeddings derived from a fully convolutio...


Understanding and mitigating gradient pathologies in physics-informed neural networks

, ,  - 2020

The widespread use of neural networks across different scientific domains often involves constraining them to satisfy certain symmetries, conservation laws, or other domain knowledge. Such constraints are often imposed as soft penalties during model training and effectively act as domain-specific regularizers of the empirical risk loss. Physics-i...


Knowledge Distillation for Brain Tumor Segmentation

, ,  - 2020

The segmentation of brain tumors in multimodal MRIs is one of the most challenging tasks in medical image analysis. The recent state of the art algorithms solving this task is based on machine learning approaches and deep learning in particular. The amount of data used for training such models and its variability is a keystone for building an alg...


Towards High Performance Human Keypoint Detection

, ,  - 2020

Human keypoint detection from a single image is very challenging due to occlusion, blur, illumination and scale variance. In this paper, we address this problem from three aspects by devising an efficient network structure, proposing three effective training strategies, and exploiting four useful postprocessing techniques. First, we find that con...


Identifying Critical Neurons in ANN Architectures using Mixed Integer Programming

, ,  - 2020

We introduce a novel approach to optimize the architecture of deep neural networks by identifying critical neurons and removing non-critical ones. The proposed approach utilizes a mixed integer programming (MIP) formulation of neural models which includes a continuous importance score computed for each neuron in the network. The optimization in MIP...


A Differentiable Color Filter for Generating Unrestricted Adversarial Images

, ,  - 2020

We propose Adversarial Color Filtering (AdvCF), an approach that uses a differentiable color filter to create adversarial images. The color filter allows us to introduce large perturbations into images, while still maintaining or enhancing their photographic quality and appeal. AdvCF is motivated by properties that are necessary if adversarial im...


A context based deep learning approach for unbalanced medical image segmentation

, , , , ,  - 2020

Automated medical image segmentation is an important step in many medical procedures. Recently, deep learning networks have been widely used for various medical image segmentation tasks, with U-Net and generative adversarial nets (GANs) being some of the commonly used ones. Foreground-background class imbalance is a common occurrence in medical i...


Snippext: Semi-supervised Opinion Mining with Augmented Data

, , ,  - 2020

Online services are interested in solutions to opinion mining, which is the problem of extracting aspects, opinions, and sentiments from text. One method to mine opinions is to leverage the recent success of pre-trained language models which can be fine-tuned to obtain high-quality extractions from reviews. However, fine-tuning language models st...


Deep Reinforcement Learning for Active Human Pose Estimation

, ,  - 2020

Most 3d human pose estimation methods assume that input -- be it images of a scene collected from one or several viewpoints, or from a video -- is given. Consequently, they focus on estimates leveraging prior knowledge and measurement by fusing information spatially and/or temporally, whenever available. In this paper we address the problem of an...


Centralized and distributed online learning for sparse time-varying optimization

 - 2020

The development of online algorithms to track time-varying systems has drawn a lot of attention in the last years, in particular in the framework of online convex optimization. Meanwhile, sparse time-varying optimization has emerged as a powerful tool to deal with widespread applications, ranging from dynamic compressed sensing to parsimonious sy...