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Margin Maximization as Lossless Maximal Compression

, ,  - 2020

The ultimate goal of a supervised learning algorithm is to produce models constructed on the training data that can generalize well to new examples. In classification, functional margin maximization -- correctly classifying as many training examples as possible with maximal confidence --has been known to construct models with good generalization ...


Universal Differential Equations for Scientific Machine Learning

, , , , , , ,  - 2020

In the context of science, the well-known adage "a picture is worth a thousand words" might well be "a model is worth a thousand datasets." Scientific models, such as Newtonian physics or biological gene regulatory networks, are human-driven simplifications of complex phenomena that serve as surrogates for the countless experiments that validated...


Predict your Click-out: Modeling User-Item Interactions and Session Actions in an Ensemble Learning Fashion

, , , ,  - 2020

This paper describes the solution of the POLINKS team to the RecSys Challenge 2019 that focuses on the task of predicting the last click-out in a session-based interaction. We propose an ensemble approach comprising a matrix factorization for modeling the interaction user-item, and a session-aware learning model implemented with a recurrent neura...


6D Object Pose Regression via Supervised Learning on Point Clouds

, , , , ,  - 2020

This paper addresses the task of estimating the 6 degrees of freedom pose of a known 3D object from depth information represented by a point cloud. Deep features learned by convolutional neural networks from color information have been the dominant features to be used for inferring object poses, while depth information receives much less attentio...


Plato Dialogue System: A Flexible Conversational AI Research Platform

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As the field of Spoken Dialogue Systems and Conversational AI grows, so does the need for tools and environments that abstract away implementation details in order to expedite the development process, lower the barrier of entry to the field, and offer a common test-bed for new ideas. In this paper, we present Plato, a flexible Conversational AI p...


R2DE: a NLP approach to estimating IRT parameters of newly generated questions

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The main objective of exams consists in performing an assessment of students' expertise on a specific subject. Such expertise, also referred to as skill or knowledge level, can then be leveraged in different ways (e.g., to assign a grade to the students, to understand whether a student might need some support, etc.). Similarly, the questions appe...


Convolutional Neural Networks with Intermediate Loss for 3D Super-Resolution of CT and MRI Scans

, ,  - 2020

CT scanners that are commonly-used in hospitals nowadays produce low-resolution images, up to 512 pixels in size. One pixel in the image corresponds to a one millimeter piece of tissue. In order to accurately segment tumors and make treatment plans, doctors need CT scans of higher resolution. The same problem appears in MRI. In this paper, we pro...


Snippext: Semi-supervised Opinion Mining with Augmented Data

, , ,  - 2020

Online services are interested in solutions to opinion mining, which is the problem of extracting aspects, opinions, and sentiments from text. One method to mine opinions is to leverage the recent success of pre-trained language models which can be fine-tuned to obtain high-quality extractions from reviews. However, fine-tuning language models st...


Deep Learning for Person Re-identification: A Survey and Outlook

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Person re-identification (Re-ID) aims at retrieving a person of interest across multiple non-overlapping cameras. With the advancement of deep neural networks and increasing demand of intelligent video surveillance, it has gained significantly increased interest in the computer vision community. By dissecting the involved components in developing...


Fine-Grained Fashion Similarity Learning by Attribute-Specific Embedding Network

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This paper strives to learn fine-grained fashion similarity. In this similarity paradigm, one should pay more attention to the similarity in terms of a specific design/attribute among fashion items, which has potential values in many fashion related applications such as fashion copyright protection. To this end, we propose an Attribute-Specific E...